Notes and sources for “Middle East: A 1300 Year Struggle for Control of Resources”

With kind permission from J.W. Smith, a major part of Chapter 14 of The World's Wasted Wealth II (Institute for Economic Democracy1, 1994) has been reproduced here. (See the beginning of this chapter2 if you have not read it.) Also, please note that I do not make any proceeds from the sale of this book in any way.

  1. George Ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State (New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1969), p. 53; J.M. Roberts, The Triumph of the West (London: British Broadcasting Company, 1985), p. 67. Back to text3
  2. Ralph V.D. Magoffin and Frederic Duncalf, Ancient and Medieval History (New York: Silver Burdett and Company, 1934), pp. 449, 673. See also Barnet Litvinoff, The Burning Bush (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1988), pp. 53-4, 74-5, 80-5, 199. Back to text4
  3. J.M. Roberts, The Triumph of the West (London: British Broadcasting Company, 1985), p. 180. Back to text5
  4. David Fromkin, A Peace to End all Peace (New York: Avon Books, 1989), p. 46. Back to text6
  5. Jaques Benoist-Mechin, The End of The Ottoman Empire (ISBN 3-89434-008-8, no publisher or date noted), p. 104; see also, Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, esp. pp. 46-48, 95. Back to text7
  6. Benoist-Mechin, End of the Ottoman Empire, p. 104. Back to text8
  7. Benoist-Mechin, End of the Ottoman Empire, p. 104. Back to text9
  8. Benoist-Mechin, End of the Ottoman Empire, pp. 162-63. Back to text10
  9. Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, p. 66; Christopher Layne, "America's Stake in Soviet Stability," World Policy Journal (Winter 1990-91): esp. pp. 66-67; Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation (Boston: Beacon Press, 1957), p. 19. Back to text11
  10. Polanyi, Great Transformation, p. 19. Back to text12
  11. Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, pp. 28-29; see also pp. 49, 66. Back to text13
  12. Layne, "America's Stake in Soviet Stability," pp. 66-67. Back to text14
  13. Feroz Ahmad, "Arab Nationalism, Radicalism, and the Specter of Neocolonialism," Monthly Review (Feb. 1991): pp. 30-31. Back to text15
  14. Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, pp. 509, 534. See also Noam Chomsky, "Oppose the War," Z Magazine (Feb. 1991): p. 62. Back to text16
  15. Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, esp. pp. 45, 49, 66, 74-75, 139, 192-95, 264, 286-88, 392, 401, 410, 493, 506, 512-14, 462, 562. See also Elie Kedourie, England and the Middle East (London: Bowes and Bowes, 1956). Back to text17
  16. Fromkin, A Peace to End All Peace, pp. 253, 257, 262, 389-402. Back to text18
  17. Stephen Shalom, "Bullets, Gas, and the Bomb," Z Magazine (Feb., 1991): p. 12. Back to text19
  18. Amir Taheri, Nest of Spies (New York: Pantheon Books, 1988), chs. 1-3, esp. pp. 22, 32-40. Back to text20
  19. Darrell Garwood, Under Cover: Thirty-Five Years of CIA Deception (New York: Grove Press, 1985), pp. 198-200; Blum, CIA, pp. 67-76. Back to text21
  20. Garwood, Under Cover, p. 200; Stephen Rosskamm Shalom, Imperial Alibis (Boston: South End Press, 1993), p. 40. Back to text22
  21. William D. Hartung, "Breaking The Arms-Sales Addiction," World Policy Journal (Winter 1990-91): p. 7. Back to text23
  22. Jeremy Rifkin, Biosphere Politics (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1992), p. 125. Back to text24
  23. David McReynolds, "The Words and the Will to Talk About Change," The Progressive (Mar. 28, 1991): p. 29. Back to text25

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Online Sources:

(Note that listed here are only those hyperlinks to other articles from other web sites or elsewhere on this web site. Other sources such as journal, books and magazines, are mentioned above in the original text. Please also note that links to external sites are beyond my control. They might become unavailable temporarily or permanently since you read this, depending on the policies of those sites, which I cannot unfortunately do anything about.)

  1. http://www.ied.info
  2. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300.asp
  3. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Ottoman.asp#endnote1
  4. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Ottoman.asp#endnote2
  5. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Ottoman.asp#endnote3
  6. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote4
  7. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote5
  8. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote6
  9. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote7
  10. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote8
  11. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote9
  12. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote10
  13. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote11
  14. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote12
  15. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote13
  16. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote14
  17. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote15
  18. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote16
  19. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Spoils.asp#endnote17
  20. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Enemies.asp#endnote18
  21. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Enemies.asp#endnote19
  22. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Enemies.asp#endnote20
  23. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Enemies.asp#endnote21
  24. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Enemies.asp#endnote22
  25. http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/MiddleEast/1300/Waste.asp#endnote23

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  • Posted: Tuesday, September 18, 2001

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