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Throughout the 1990s, a coalition of numerous non-governmental organizations, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines1 (ICBL), campaigned successfully to prohibit the use of landmines.
This helped to create the 1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, also known as the
Ottawa Treaty. (It also won the ICBL the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts.) This treaty came into force in 1999.
Although landmine use in the past decade has been significantly reduced, problems such as clearance and rehabilitation remain. Furthermore, some key countries continue to use landmines, or support the need for them, despite the problems they often cause for civilians long after conflicts have ended.
On this page:
- Civilians as casualties — long after conflict has ended
- A decade of the Ottawa Treaty: progress and challenges
- The United States has not signed up to the landmine ban treaty
- Various nations continue to use landmines or oppose the treaty
- More Information
Civilians as casualties — long after conflict has ended
In the 1990s, there was increasing awareness and activism on the controversial issue of landmines.
Horrific stories and pictures from all around the world often showed that civilians were the main landmine casualties in large numbers — and continued to be so years after the warring factions have left the battlefield (with the mines still there).
The United States has not signed up to the landmine ban treaty
Various nations continue to use landmines or oppose the treaty
For more information about landmines, visit:
- The International Campaign To Ban Landmines20 Web Site
- Human Rights Watch work on landmines21
- The Center for Defense Information documentary about American landmine survivors22 that includes a transcript of the program
- New Internationalist Magazine had a whole issue on landmines23
- The Adopt-a-Minefield24 web site
(Note that listed here are only those hyperlinks to other articles from other web sites or elsewhere on this web site. Other sources such as journal, books and magazines, are mentioned above in the original text. Please also note that links to external sites are beyond my control. They might become unavailable temporarily or permanently since you read this, depending on the policies of those sites, which I cannot unfortunately do anything about.)
- Helen Anderson, 'Landmines:A New Victim', The Irrawaddy; Covering Burma and South Asia, May 2001, http://www.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=2255
- 'Anti-Personnel Landmines: A double-edged sword', Center for Defense Information documentary, 1998. (Link is to a transcript of the documentary), http://www.cdi.org/adm/transcripts/1137/
- External link: 'Ridding the World of Landmines', Center for Defense Information, March 7, 1999, http://www.cdi.org/adm/1226/
- 'U.S. Also Bears Responsibility for Landmines Crisis', Human Rights Watch, March 5, 2001, http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2001/03/04/us-also-bears-responsibility-landmines-crisis
- Jim Lobe, 'State Department Backpedals on Landmine Treaty', Inter Press Service, November 26, 2009 (news feed carried by global issues), http://www.globalissues.org/news/2009/11/26/3665
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