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Globalization, trade and the free markets are the talks of today. Many envision or talk about a future where people of different nationalities and cultures will be able to share and trade resources across boundaries in a manner that will benefit all of humanity.
But, how fair is trade3 when a nation's own global trading policies together with international corporations' desire to increase their profits result in manipulated4 international trade pacts and agreements, so that they are most favorable for themselves? How free is the free market?5 Why do the poor get poorer and the rich get richer?
A lot of overbearing regulations can give too much power to a few, and potentially corrupt ruling regime and prevent innovative ideas from flourishing. It can perhaps be an obstacle for a foreign nation to invest in a country due to those conditions and regulations which increase costs. (The fact that some of these regulations are usually for the benefit for the people of that nation poses another problem, altogether, mentioned in the MAI6 and Free Trade7 sections.)
However, too much deregulation can lead to corporations being able to undermine basic social and human rights as well as lead to environmental damage, often without accountability. IMF-imposed structural adjustment8 and their pushes for deregulation has also led to further poverty in some countries.
The correct balance is difficult to reach due to the inherent power conflicts between the various bodies involved. This leads to a lot of unfairness in trade and basic human rights for which the majority of people end up paying the price. For example, some believe that one of the main problems causing the 1998/99 financial crisis around the world is a lack of global regulations9 to help protect developing nations as they enter a global market. Even the World Bank has cautioned10 that globalization and localization (the increasing demand for local autonomy) can pose problems as well as offer benefits, if not handled properly.
There is already a growing fair trade movement around the world, where local producers are able to fairly trade11 their products. However, it isn't always easy to maintain that when globalization, in its current form, does not seem to favor those who want trade to be fair.
5 articles on “Fair Trade”:
Read “Child Labor” to learn more.
Bananas are widely consumed. Yet, they represent a wide variety of inter-related issues, from environmental, economic, social, and political. Nations and regions, such as the US and EU have in the past battled in a trade war over how bananas are exported and imported, affected the poorest in the producing countries the most.
Read “The Banana Trade War” to learn more.
The banana industry in Latin America and the Caribbean also touches many other issues. Rainforest destruction is one effect of the banana industry.
Dependent economies is another, where bananas are grown not to feed local people and meet their demands, but to create exports for Europe and America. The recent trade disputes between those two regions have received the most attention. However, the focus of the debate is limited. It continues to leave both dependent Latin American nations, and the Caribbean nations in poverty and hunger, while Latin American nations, large multinational American banana corporations and the American government seek to destroy the Caribbean banana economy, via the World Trade Organization, in order to gain dominant access to the European markets.
So many resources are poured into the banana industry, and like the sugar and beef examples, there is a lot of unnecessary use of resources that could otherwise be freed up to help local people in a way that is also less degrading to the surrounding environment.
Read “Bananas” to learn more.
Pineapples are nutritious and popular. But the cheap fruit comes at a high cost. Health and environmental degradation has affected both workers and local communities. Price cuts in European supermarkets has led to wage cuts for workers already earning very little.
Read “Pineapples” to learn more.
Read “Trade, Economic Links For More Information” to learn more.
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