Criticisms of Arafat and Palestinian leadership
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Arafat was heavily criticized for not taking the offers given at recent Camp David talks, where Ehud Barak "generously" offered more land. Even elements of various peace movements blame1 him for not accepting.
Israeli and US leaders have expected him to control the current protests, which others have pointed out would be near impossible due to the immense size of the civil uprising, where the Palestinians that are frustrated, humiliated and betrayed have been enraged at recent events. Some of the factions supporting extremist actions such as suicide bombings etc have been able to undermine Arafat's support as well.
The US comments of Barak's "generous" concessions of land is also seen by some as insulting to many Palestinians given that this is still not at the pre-1967 levels, which was demanded by the Oslo accords, and numerous UN resolutions.
Over the years, Palestinians are getting increasingly frustrated at Arafat2 and the leadership of being corrupt and looking for their own power interests. As documented by the Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group3 and others, Arafat's own security forces have committed human rights violations against Palestinians. While initially their popularity was high with the Palestinian population, after years of living away from Palestine, many of the leaders seem to have become out of touch with the people.
Regarding the issue of occupation, the following summarizes well the failing of the Palestinian leadership to help clearly articulate their issues so that others will listen and understand:
This article5 from Robert Fisk, Middle East correspondent for the Independent, in UK, sharply criticizes Arafat. Robert Fisk is one of the few in mainstream western journalism that is so vocally outspoken about Israeli policies, as other quotes throughout this section show. However, he is equally critical of the current Palestinian leadership and hence perhaps this is more appropriate an article than many other Western mainstream sources criticizing Arafat.
The beginning of December 2001 saw ghastly suicide attacks in Israel, by Hamas members, killing 25 people. As a result, Israel responded with military retaliation and increased enormous political pressure on Arafat's Palestinian Authority to arrest and crackdown on those Hamas members who organized this. Subsequently, as reported by the Guardian (December 8, 2001), Arafat had arrested some 200 members6 of Hamas.
However, this has also highlighted another issue -- that of the growing rift between various factions and groups amongst the Palestinian people. There is increasing extremism, frustration and the drowning out of more moderate voices and approaches. For example, many in Israel accuse Arafat of not doing enough, while many in Palestine criticize him of acting almost like a puppet of Israel, helping doing their "dirty work". Hamas, for example, is also gaining more popular support as the conflict goes on, while the popularity of the Palestinian Authority is all the while reducing, as the BBC, for example, reports7 (December 4, 2001). The Independent also notes this:
The tit-for-tat violence, of Israeli targetted assasinations9 and use of military hardware such as F16s, missiles, tanks etc, of Hamas suicide bombers and so on has led to more anger on all sides, Israeli and Palestinian.
The increasing crackdown on the Palestinian Authority by the Israeli military and the limitation of Arafat's ability to do anything has been noted by U.N. Secratary General Kofi Annan:
This article is part of the following collection:
- Oslo Dead? Violence and Palestinian Uprising in 2000
(Note that listed here are only those hyperlinks to other articles from other web sites or elsewhere on this web site. Other sources such as journal, books and magazines, are mentioned above in the original text. Please also note that links to external sites are beyond my control. They might become unavailable temporarily or permanently since you read this, depending on the policies of those sites, which I cannot unfortunately do anything about.)
- Ewen MacAskill, 'Arafat appeals to Israelis in TV interview', The Guardian, December 8, 2001, http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,615405,00.html
- 'Arafat's Hamas problem', BBC News Online, 4 December, 2001, http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/middle_east/newsid_1692000/1692136.stm
- Moshe Reinfeld, 'High Court rejects appeals against assassination policy ', Ha'aretz English Edition, January 30, 2002, http://www.haaretzdaily.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=123457
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