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There is a technology available suitably called the Terminator1 technology, which is designed to genetically switch off2 a plant's ability to germinate a second time.
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What is the purpose of switching off seed germination?
Many believe it is purely a business idea3 by forcing farmers to buy a fresh supply of seeds each year -- many of whom are in the developing world and cannot afford to do this.
The traditional practice (tried and tested for thousands of years) of saving seeds for the next harvest comes under threat4 due to a US patent on this technology to prevent "unauthorized seed-saving" by farmers.
Supporters of the terminator, or suicide, technology believe that the idea of it is for the protection of corporations from unscrupulous farmers. Control of seed germination helps prevent growers from pirating their technology. If crops remain fertile, there is a chance that farmers could use any saved transgenic seed from a previous season. This would result in poorer profits for companies. (See the bottom parts of this article5 and this article6 for more.).
This then becomes a battle over a farmer's (traditional) right and a corporation's right.
Effect on farmers
In India, this is a cause for some concern7 as scientists fear for the livelihood of 400 million farmers and for food security in the country. Already some poorer Indian farmers have been driven to suicide8. It is feared that this type of technology could be used to make the poorer farmers even more dependent9.
Set back for corporations, for now
In a major victory for activists and protestors around the world, Monsanto, a major investor in this technology has decided not to market10 it. However, it will still look into sterility research, which, as the Guardian newspaper points out11, could mean that Monsanto's announcement just a public relations exercise and that they are waiting until the current attention on the negativity surrounding terminator technology has reduced. (Check out the Public Reaction12 part of this web site for more about the protests all over the world at the rapid, untested introduction of GE Food.)
However, even without such terminator technology, under patent laws in Canada, U.S. and a number of other industrialized nations, it is illegal for farmers to re-use patented seed, or to grow Monsanto's GM seed without signing a licensing agreement. Hence the underlying motives behind terminator technologies have still been achieved while being stacked against the farmer. In a prominent case, a Canadian farmer was found guilty of growing patented seeds, even though he did not know of it13. The pollen from the patented canola seeds from a nearby farm had pollinated with his and thus he had to pay Monsanto for licensing and profit from the seeds. As the previous link's title suggests, corporate liability is reduced, while that of the individual farmer is increased.
0 articles on “Terminator Technology” and 2 related issues:
Genetically Engineered Food
Read “Genetically Engineered Food” to learn more.
Food and Agriculture Issues
Food and agriculture goes to the heart of our civilizations. Religions, cultures and even modern civilization have food and agriculture at their core. For an issue that goes to the heart of humanity it also has its ugly side.
This issue explores topics ranging from the global food crisis of 2008, to issues of food aid, world hunger, food dumping and wasteful agriculture such as growing tobacco, sugar, beef, and more.
Read “Food and Agriculture Issues” to learn more.
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