Syria Unrest

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  • by Anup Shah
  • This Page Created Tuesday, June 05, 2012

This web page has the following sub-sections:

  1. Introduction
  2. News stories from IPS

Introduction

Syria is one of the oldest places where civilization has thought to have started. Its capital, Damascus, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Throughout history it has seen many changes, violent and otherwise.

Today it is comprised of a number of ethnic groups, mostly Arab, though a reasonable number of Kurds, Armenians are also present. There have also been a number of Iraqi refugees and the main Arab group are themselves from different sects and denominations.

Around January 2011, following on from the Arab Spring where protests against ruling regimes erupted in a number of Middle East countries, protesters in Syria came out demanding President Bashar al-Assad and his government step down. In response, Assad sent in troops with some cities and regions being besieged for weeks and months. Both pro and anti-government protest gatherings have at times been large.

Image: Demonstrations in Hom. Credit: Bo yaser

Criticism of Syria’s crackdown has been quite widespread. The Arab League has responded by suspending Syria’s membership. Syria claims that it is fighting an insurgency that is terrorist by nature and claimed Al Qaeda is involved. It has not been possible to verify that claim so many see it as a cynical excuse.

The ruling regime is a sect of Shia, so has support from Iran and Lebanese Hezbollah, while the opposition is largely Sunni, thus receiving support from other Middle East countries, such as Saudi Arabia and others.

Thousands have been killed — civilians and armed combatants. Some are asking the West for a military intervention like there was in Libya, but the US in particular is not keen on another military intervention even though they have been openly hostile and critical of the Syrian ruling regime for many years.

Image: Pro-Assad Rally. Credit: Newtown grafitti

China and Russia also have close ties with Syria and to date have not been keen on any action condemning Syria and have even vetoed some actions. Some papers have reported Iran and others helping Syria with weapons, while others also mentioned the opposition being armed by the West.

Mainstream media coverage is of course part of the issue; understandably the brutal regime crackdown has been met with shock, horror, etc. But the coverage has also been one-sided in the sense that similar types of violence committed by US-led coalition forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan do not receive similar criticism, but much flatter and measured reporting instead. Media Lens covers this point in much more detail pointing out many propaganda problems in mainstream media coverage and is worth reading.

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News stories from IPS

Below is a list of stories from Inter Press Service related to the Syrian uprising

Syria: Minding the Minds II

Tuesday, January 12, 2016

OSLO, Jan 12 (IPS) - Baher Kamal, in … And All of a Sudden Syria!: "The "big five," the United Nations veto powers, have just agreed United Nations Resolution 2254 of 18-12-2015, time to end the Syrian five-year long human tragedy; they waited until 300,000 innocent civilians were killed and 4.5 million humans lost as refugees and homeless at home, hundreds of field testing of state-of-the-art drones made, and daily U.S., British, French and Russian bombing carried out." No Chinese bombing.

Once Auctioned, What to Do with Syrian Refugees?

Tuesday, January 12, 2016

MADRID, Jan 12 (IPS) - Few months ago, an unprecedented "humanitarian auction" was opened in Brussels at the European Commission, shortly after watching the image of the three-year old Syrian child that the sea threw up on the Turkish shores. The "auction" was about deciding upon the number of Syrian refugees to be hosted by each EU country. Germany won the largest batch.

Loneliness and Memories, Syrian Refugees Struggle in Safe Spaces

Monday, January 11, 2016

ZARQa, Jordan, Jan 11 (IPS) - Emelline Mahmoud Ilyas is an outgoing 35-year-old mother of three from Syria. Sitting in a community centre in Zarqa, Jordan, where she just held a meeting with Jordanian and Syrian parents on the subject of childcare, she remembers the 'journey of death' that led her family to the Hashemite Kingdom.

Syrian Government to Allow Aid, Loosening the Stranglehold on Madaya

Friday, January 08, 2016

ROME, Jan 08 (IPS) - The Syrian government says it will allow humanitarian aid into the besieged rebel-held town of Madaya, according to the United Nations, following reports and horrific pictures of residents starving to death. Aid is expected to reach the area by Monday, but for some it is too little and too late.

Syria ­- A Light to the World

Thursday, December 31, 2015

BELFAST, Dec 31 (IPS) - In November 2015 I visited Syria together with an International Peace delegation. This was my third visit to Syria in the last three years. As on previous occasions I was moved by the spirit of resilience and courage of the people of Syria.

Analysis: Kurdish-led peace conference is best hope for Syria

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

ISTANBUL, Turkey, Dec 16 (IPS) - While the war in Syria continues to draw in more outside forces, the work towards finding a political solution to this five-year old conflict carries on. In the past week, no less than three separate conferences were organized by different clusters of opposition groups. Conferences were held in three places: Damascus, Dêrîk – a city in the Kurdish-controlled northern part of Syria – and Riyadh, the Saudi capital, respectively.

U.S., Russian Arms Supplies to Iraq, Syria a Blessing to Rebel Groups

Thursday, September 24, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Sep 24 (IPS) - The United States and Russia are escalating arms sales to two of their major allies in the Middle East – Iraq and Syria – despite fears that some of these weapons may ultimately wind up, ironically, in the hands of armed rebel groups battling government forces.

UAE Government Stresses its Abidng Support for Syrian Refugees

Thursday, September 17, 2015

ABU DHABI, Sep 17 (IPS) - In response to suggestions that the Gulf states are doing littleor nothing to help Syrians fleeing their civil war, the Government of the United Arab Emirates has announced that it has take a broad range of supportive actions to alleviate the suffering of the Syrian population and to care for Syrian refugees in Syria and abroad, reports WAM.

U.N. Military Sanctions on Syria May Face Veto by Arms Supplier

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Aug 25 (IPS) - The staggering statistics emerging from the ongoing five-year-old military conflict in Syria – including over 220,000 killed, more than one million injured and about 7.6 million displaced – are prompting calls for a United Nations arms embargo on the beleaguered regime of President Bashar al-Assad.

Clean Water Another Victim of Syria’s War

Friday, July 24, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Jul 24 (IPS) - Caught in the grips of a summer heat-wave, in a season that is seeing record-high temperatures worldwide, residents of the war-torn city of Aleppo in northern Syria are facing off against yet another enemy: thirst.

Beleaguered Syrians Comprise World’s ‘Biggest Refugee Population From a Single Conflict in a Generation’

Thursday, July 09, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Jul 09 (IPS) - Barely 10 months ago, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) said the refugee population from Syria had reached the three million mark. Today, the latest data from the field show that the number has passed four million.

Syrian Refugees Face Hunger Amidst Humanitarian Funding Crisis

Thursday, July 02, 2015

WASHINGTON, Jul 02 (IPS) - The United Nations' food aid organisation, the World Food Programme (WFP), said on Jul. 1 that up to 440,000 refugees from war-torn Syria might have to go hungry if no additional funds are received by August.

U.N. Secretary-General Calls for International Unity on Yemen and Syria

Thursday, April 09, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Apr 09 (IPS) - "Political negotiations, not military intervention are the solution" said United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, on the rapidly deteriorating conflict situation in Yemen and recent developments in Syria at the Yarmouk refugee camp.

Pledges for Humanitarian Aid to Syria Fall Short of Target by Billions

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

KUWAIT CITY, Mar 31 (IPS) - When United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stood before 78 potential donors at the Bayan Palace in Kuwait Tuesday, his appeal for funds had an ominous ring to it: the Syrian people, he remarked, "are victims of the worst humanitarian crisis of our time."

Cash-Strapped U.N. to Seek Funds for Syria at Pledging Conference in Kuwait

Friday, March 27, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Mar 27 (IPS) - A cash-strapped United Nations, which is struggling to reach out to millions of Syrian refugees with food, medicine and shelter, is desperately in need of funds.

Veto Costs Lives as Syrian Civil War Passes Deadly Milestone

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Mar 17 (IPS) - As the long drawn-out Syrian military conflict passed a four-year milestone over the weekend, the New York-based Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) summed it up in a striking headline: 4 years, 4 vetoes, 220,000 dead.

Syrians “Have No Faith” in International Community to Solve Human Rights Crisis

Wednesday, March 04, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Mar 04 (IPS) - Syrian citizens "have no faith" in the international community to solve the chaos and war raging across their country, according to a prominent human rights defender.

Syrian Conflict Has Underlying Links to Climate Change, Says Study

Monday, March 02, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Mar 02 (IPS) - Was the four-year-old military conflict in Syria, which has claimed the lives of over 200,000 people, mostly civilians, triggered at least in part by climate change?

Syria's 'Barrel Bombs' Cause Human Devastation, Says Rights Group

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

UNITED NATIONS, Feb 24 (IPS) - The warring parties in the brutal four-year-old military conflict in Syria, which has claimed the lives of over 200,000 civilians and triggered "the greatest refugee crisis in modern times," continue to break every single pledge held out to the United Nations.

Syrians Refugees Between Containers and Tents in Turkey

Sunday, January 04, 2015

HARRAN and NIZIP, Turkey, Jan 04 (IPS) - "We ran as if we were ants fleeing out of the nest. I moved to three different cities in Syria to try to be away from the conflict, but there was no safe place left in my country so we decided to move out."

Pushing the Voice of Syrian Women For a New Future

Saturday, November 15, 2014

GAZIANTEP, Turkey, Nov 15 (IPS) - For most Syrian women, the war has been a disaster. For some, it has also been liberating.

Democracy is “Radical” in Northern Syria

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

AMUDA, Syria, Oct 28 (IPS) - There was never anything particularly remarkable about this northern town of 25,000. However, today it has become the lab for one the most pioneering political experiments ever conducted in the entire Middle East region.

Geographical Divide in Maternal Health for Syrian Refugees

Friday, September 19, 2014

DOHUK, Iraq, Sep 19 (IPS) - At the largest refugee camp in Iraqi Kurdistan, young Syrian mothers and pregnant women are considered relatively lucky.

U.S. Bypasses Security Council on Impending Invasion of Syria

Friday, September 12, 2014

UNITED NATIONS, Sep 12 (IPS) - The U.N. Security Council (UNSC), the only international body empowered to declare war and peace, continues to remain a silent witness to the widespread devastation and killings worldwide, including in Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Libya, Yemen and Ukraine.

No Easy Choices for Syrians with Small Children

Thursday, September 04, 2014

GAZIANTEP, Turkey, Sep 04 (IPS) - The woman who walked into the Islamic Front (IF) media office near the Turkish border was on the verge of fainting under the hot Syrian sun, but all she cared about was her infant son.

TNT and scrap metal eviscerate Syria’s industrial capital

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

ALEPPO, Syria / GAZIANTEP, Turkey, Aug 19 (IPS) - Numerous mechanics, tyre and car body shops used to line the busy streets near the Old City of Syria's previous industrial and commercial hub.

Food Insecurity a New Threat for Lebanon’s Syrian Refugees

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

BEIRUT, Jul 22 (IPS) - A declining economy and a severe drought have raised concerns in Lebanon over food security as the country faces one of its worst refugee crises, resulting from the nearby Syria war, and it is these refugees and impoverished Lebanese border populations that are most vulnerable to this new threat.

Spain: A Precarious Gateway to Europe for Syrian Refugees

Monday, July 21, 2014

MALAGA, Spain, Jul 21 (IPS) - Little Samir covers his face with his hands as he plays under the orange tree in the centre of the inner courtyard of the Spanish Refugee Aid Commission (CEAR) centre in the southern city of Malaga. He is four years old and has spent nearly a year in Spain, where he arrived with his parents, fleeing the war in Syria.

Malnutrition Hits Syrians Hard as UN Authorises Cross-Border Access

Saturday, July 19, 2014

BEIRUT, Jul 19 (IPS) - Gaunt, haggard Syrian children begging and selling gum have become a fixture in streets of the Lebanese capital; having fled the ongoing conflict, they continue to be stalked by its effects.

Syria’s Chemicals Haunt the Mediterranean

Friday, July 11, 2014

ATHENS, Jul 11 (IPS) - Scientists and local communities are expressing serious concern about the ongoing destruction of Syria's chemical arsenal on board a vessel in international waters in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Author and Page Information

  • by Anup Shah
  • Created: Tuesday, June 05, 2012

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